The State of the Environment: HAWAI‘I 2017

INTRODUCTION
Accessed September 18, 2017.

LaFrance, Adrienne. “The Ghost of Climate Change Future.” The Atlantic. Accessed September 18, 2017. https://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2017/05/the-ghost-of-climate-change-future/528471/

Garza, J.A. et. al. “Changes of the Prevailing Trade Winds over the Islands of Hawaii and the North Pacific.” Journal of Geophysical Research. Published June 7, 2012. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.soest.hawaii.edu/MET/Hsco/Trade%20wind%20changes%20JGR%202012.pdf

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration. “Historic Hurricane Season – 2015 Summary for the Central Pacific Basin.” Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.prh.noaa.gov/hnl/pages/examples/2015_HurricaneSeasonSummary_MediaAdvisory.pdf

Polynesian Voyaging Society. “Hōkūleʻa Ventures Furthest from the Equator in Her History. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.hokulea.com/hokulea-furthest-south/

Aloha+ Challenge
Aloha+ Challenge Dashboard. Accessed September 18, 2017.  https://dashboard.hawaii.gov/aloha-challenge

LOCAL FOOD

Introduction
Leung, PingSun and Matthew Loke. “Economic Impacts of Increasing Hawai‘i’s Food Self-Sufficiency.” College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai‘i at Manoa. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://hdoa.hawaii.gov/add/files/2012/12/FoodSSReport.pdf 

Bright Spot
Jones, A.M.P. et al. “Beyond the Bounty: Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) for Food Security and Novel Foods in the 21st Century.” Ethnobotany Research and Applications. Published March 26, 2011. Accessed September 18, 2017.  http://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10125/21022/i1547-3465-09-129.pdf?sequence=1

Global Breadfruit. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://globalbreadfruit.com.

National Tropical Botanical Garden Breadfruit Institute. Accessed September 18, 2017. https://ntbg.org/breadfruit

Ungerleider, Neal. “Inside the Vatican-Blessed Tech Accelerator Tackling Climate Change.” Fast Company. Published June 6, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017.  https://www.fastcompany.com/40424655/inside-the-vaticans-tech-accelerator-thats-targeting-climate-change

Hawai‘i ‘Ulu Producers Cooperative. Accessed September 18, 2017.  http://www.eatbreadfruit.com

Moving the Needle
Blue Ocean Mariculture. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.bofish.com

Smart Yields. Accessed September 18, 2017.  http://www.smartyields.com

Roots Café, Kalihi. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.rootskalihi.com

Graphic Elements
Leong, Lavonne. “Hawaii: Who We Are.” Hawai‘i Business. Published July 2016. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://www.hawaiibusiness.com/hawaii-who-we-are/

Hawai‘i State Data Book 2015, Section 19. “Farms, Land in Farms, and Selected Items: 2007 and 2012.” Department of Economic Development and Tourism. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://files.hawaii.gov/dbedt/economic/databook/db2015/section19.pdf

Hawai‘i State Data Book 2015, Section 19. “Aquaculture Industry Operations 1990 – 2014.” Department of Economic Development and Tourism. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://files.hawaii.gov/dbedt/economic/databook/db2015/section19.pdf

“Aquacultured Species in Hawai‘i.” Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture Animal Industry Division. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://hdoa.hawaii.gov/ai/aquaculture-and-livestock-support-services-branch/aquaculture-in-hawaii/

Hawai‘i State Data Book 2015, Section 1. “Population of Hawai‘i.” Department of Economic Development and Tourism. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://files.hawaii.gov/dbedt/economic/databook/db2015/section01.pdf 

Burnett, Kimberly and Christopher Wada. “Recent Trends in Hawai‘i’s Green Economy: Agriculture, Energy and Natural Resource Management.” University of Hawai‘i Economic Research Organization. January 2016.  Accessed September 18, 2017

INVASIVE SPECIES

Introduction
Lucius G. Eldredge and Scott E. Miller. “How Many Species are there in Hawaii?” Department of Natural Sciences, Bishop Museum. Accessed September 27, 2017. http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/hispp.html

Rago, Fiamma and Sugano, Dean. “Can’t See the Forest for the (Albizia) Trees: An Invasive Species Update.” Legislative Reference Bureau. December 2015. Accessed September 27, 2017. http://hbs.bishopmuseum.org/hispp.html

Hawai‘i Department of Agriculture, Plant Quarantine Branch. “Kahului Airport Pest Risk Assessment.” Published November 2002. Accessed September 27, 2017.
http://www.hawaiiag.org/PQ/KARA20Report20Final.pdf 

Office of the Auditor, State of Hawai‘i. “Audit of Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s Plant Quarantine Branch: A Report to the Governor and the Legislature to the State of Hawai‘i.” Published July 2017. Accessed September 27, 2017. http://files.hawaii.gov/auditor/Reports/2017/17-05.pdf

Graphic Elements

How Invasive Species Threaten Our Way of Life
State of Hawai‘i. “2017-2027 Hawaii Interagency Biosecurity Plan.” Published December 2016. Accessed September 27, 2017. https://hdoa.hawaii.gov/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Hawaii-Interagency-Biosecurity-Plan.pdf

GREEN BUSINESS & GREEN WORKFORCE

Introduction
United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics. “Green Goods and Services (GGS) Employment by State, Annual Averages.” Accessed September 18, 2017. https://www.bls.gov/news.release/ggqcew.t04.htm

United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics. “Green Goods and Services Survey 2010 and 2011.” Accessed September 18, 2017. https://www.bls.gov/ggs/

State of Hawai‘i Department of Labor and Industrial Relations Research and Statistics Office. “Reality Check: How Green Is Hawai‘i’s Workforce? The Hawai‘i Green Jobs Initiative.” Published April 2012. Accessed September 19, 2017. https://www.hiwi.org/admin/gsipub/htmlarea/uploads/HGJI_Reality_Check_How_Green_is_HI_Workforce.pdf

State of Hawai‘i Department of Labor and Industrial Relations Research and Statistics Office. “Hawai‘i’s Green Workforce: A Baseline Assessment.” Published December 2010. Accessed September 18, 2017.  https://dlir.state.hi.us/labor/lmi/pdf/Green_Jobs_Report_FINAL.pdf 

Definition: Green Job
United States Bureau of Labor and Statistics. “The BLS Green Jobs Definition.” Accessed September 18, 2017. https://www.bls.gov/green/green_definition.htm 

Bright Spot
American Institute of Architects. “2017 COTE Top Ten.” Accessed September 26, 2017. https://www.aia.org/resources/73026-cote-top-ten-2017

Moving the Needle
Kealopiko. Accessed September 26, 2017. https://kealopiko.com

Pono Pacific Land Management. Accessed September 26, 2017. http://www.ponopacific.com

Hawaiian Airlines. Accessed September 26, 2017. https://www.hawaiianairlines.com

“Flight Carbon Footprint Calculator.” Carbon Footprint Ltd. Accessed September 18, 2017. http://calculator.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx?tab=3

Muoio, Danielle. “Tesla is Powering the Hawaiian Island of Kaua‘i with More Than 54,000 Solar Panels and Its Giant Battery Packs.” Business Insider. Published March 9, 2017. Accessed September 18, 2017.
http://www.businessinsider.com/tesla-unveils-kauai-hawaii-solar-project-2017-3

STEWARDS

Local Food: Food Sovereignty—2.0
“USDA to Release 2012 Census of Ag Data.” National Young Farmers Coalition. Accessed September 27, 2017. 
http://www.youngfarmers.org/usda-to-release-2012-census-of-ag-data/

Green Business & Green Workforce: Tapping In
“The Kauffman Index of Growth Entrepreneurship: Metropolitan Area and City Trends.” The Kauffman Index. Accessed September 27, 2017.
http://www.kauffman.org/kauffman-index/reporting/growth-entrepreneurship 

CRESTS & TROUGHS: YEAR IN REVIEW

Setbacks: Water Security
Editorial Board, The Honolulu Star-Advertiser. “Red Hill Fuel Tanks Need Swift Remedy.” The Honolulu Star-Advertiser. Published May 27, 2017. Accessed September 27, 2017. http://www.staradvertiser.com/2017/05/27/editorial/our-view/red-hill-fuel-tanks-need-swift-remedy/

THE WAY FORWARD

Shelled Potential
Bennington-Castro, Josheph. “Shucking the Limitations of Hawai‘i's Aquaculture Industry with Oysters.” NOAA Fisheries. Published October 2015. Accessed September 27, 2017. 
http://www.fpir.noaa.gov/stories/10192015_oysters_hawaii_aquaculture.html

More Sense Than Dollars
Environmental Council. “2015 - 2016 State of Hawai‘i Annual Report on the Environment.” Published January 31, 2017. Accessed September 27, 2017. 
http://oeqc2.doh.hawaii.gov/EC_Reports/EC-Annual-Report-2015-2016.pdf

Graphic Elements

A Resource Reality
Office of the Auditor, State of Hawai‘i. “Audit of Hawaii Department of Agriculture’s Plant Quarantine Branch: A Report to the Governor and the Legislature to the State of Hawai‘i.” Published July 2017. Accessed September 27, 2017. http://files.hawaii.gov/auditor/Reports/2017/17-05.pdf

Office of Planning, Business, Economic and Development & Tourism. “Increased Food Security and Self-Sufficiency Strategy.” Published October 2012. Accessed September 27, 2017. 
http://files.hawaii.gov/dbedt/op/spb/INCREASED_FOOD_SECURITY_AND_FOOD_SELF_SUFFICIENCY_STRATEGY.pdf